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Monday, 1 June 2015

16 Fascinating facts about gold..!!

16 Fascinating facts about gold..!!

1. The world's largest known gold nugget was found near Moliagul in Central Victoria, Australia in 1869 (weighing 2,316 troy ounces [72 kilograms]). It was called the 'Welcome Stranger.'

gold nugget

2. The three largest producers of gold, responsible for nearly one-third of total production, are China, the United States and Australia.

largest producers of gold

3. India will likely remain the world's biggest gold consumer in 2015 after regaining the top spot from China in 2014, according to the World Gold Council. (Source: Reuters)

India world's biggest gold consumer

4.On May 3, 2007, the Royal Canadian Mint unveiled a 100-kilogram (220-pound) 99.999 percent pure gold coin at the mint in Ottawa, Ontario,Canada.
It was the biggest and purest gold coin ever made (until 2012), and carried a face value of C$1 million ($900,000). 

Largest gold coin 100-kilogram

5.In 2012, the Perth Mint beat that record, casting the largest ever coin - weighing one tonne and measuring 80 centimetres (31.4 inches) in diameter.
The Canadian C$1 million coin was just 53 cm across.

6.One ounce (28.3 grams) of pure gold can be hammered into a single 10.7-square-yard (nine-metres-square) sheet

One ounce (28.3 grams) of pure gold

7.Around half of all gold mined today (49%) is made into jewellery, which remains the single largest use for gold. 
India is the world’s largest market for gold jewellery, representing about 822 tons (746 tonnes) of gold in 2010. Indian women own about 19,841 tons (18,000 tonnes) of gold jewellery — Source:

8.Gold is used in food (and has the E number 175*), to promote a perception of luxury and high value. It is, however, flavorless.
Gold leaf, flake or dust is used on and in some gourmet foods, notably sweets and drinks as an embellishing ingredient.
*E numbers are codes for substances that can be used as food additives for use within the European Union and Switzerland. The "E" stands for "Europe."

Gold is used in food

9.Doctors and dentists have been using gold for thousands of years for medicines and to fill teeth.
In the 20th and 21st centuries, many more uses of gold were found, including treatments for cancer and rheumatoid arthritis. Gold is highly resistant to bacteria and can be used for implants where there is a high risk of infection, such as in the inner ear.
It is also used in diagnostics, including pregnancy tests and the measure of progression of HIV. (Source:

Gold teeth filling,gold for cancer and rheumatoid arthritis

10.An over 800-year-old copy of the Muslim holy book, the Koran, sold for a world record price of £1,140,500 ($US 2,321,770) at an auction in London.
Written in 1203, the religious artefact is the earliest-known complete, dated Quran, transcribed in gold. 

800 years Quran, transcribed in gold.

11.The astronaut's helmet visor is coated with a thin layer of gold that filters out the sun's harmful rays. 

astronaut's helmet visor is coated with a thin layer of gold

12. It is more rare to find a one-ounce (28-gram) nugget of gold than a five-carat diamond.

rare to find a one-ounce (28-gram) nugget of gold

13.More than 192,00 tons (175,000 tonnes) of gold has been mined since the beginning of civilisation (Source: World Gold Council)
[Pictured: A view of the gold mining town of Sandhurst (Bendigo) during the Australian gold rush, Victoria, Australia, circa 1855].

14.In Christian folklore, sailors wore gold earrings in the hope that they would be used to pay for a Christian burial in the event that they drowned and their bodies washed up on a foreign shore.

15.Julius Caesar gave 200 gold coins to each of his soldiers from the spoils of war in defeating Gaul.

Julius Caesar gave 200 gold coins

16.Even at only 10 parts of gold per quadrillion, the world’s oceans are estimated to hold up to 16,534 tons (15,000 tonnes) of gold. (Source: World Gold Council).

world’s oceans are estimated to hold up to 16,534 tons (15,000 tonnes) of gold

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