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Sunday, 12 January 2014

Most Expensive Currencies In The World





Dollar appreciation affected many countries in the emerging markets. Indian rupee and Turkish lira hit an all-time low. Brazilian real, too, was down 6.7 per cent in that period.
There are, however, countries that have currencies that are stronger than the US dollar. In other words, you have to pay more than a dollar to buy one unit of these currencies.
A word of caution: a stronger currency neither means that it is a better investment option nor does it represent a better economic health of a nation.


Kuwait
Currency: Dinar
Value of 1 dinar against dollar: $3.51
Value of 1 dinar against rupee: Rs 209.91
Highest banknote: 20
Introduced in 1961 to replace Gulf rupee, it was equivalent of one pound sterling initially.
The currency has seen it’s ups and downs. When Iraq invaded Kuwait in 1990, they replaced Kuwaiti dinar with Iraqi dinar. After liberation, the Kuwaiti dinar was restored.


Bahrain
Currency: Dinar
Value of 1 dinar against dollar: $2.65
Value of 1 dinar against rupee: Rs 158.49
Highest banknote: 20
Bahrain introduced dinar in 1965 to replace the Gulf rupee. Initially one dinar was equivalent to 10 rupees.
Before Malta adopted the euro, Bahrain’s dinar was the third highest-valued currency and is now the second.


Oman
Currency: Rial
Value of 1 rial against dollar: $2.60
Value of 1 rial against rupee: Rs 155.20
Highest banknote: 50
There was a time when India rupee was the main currency, along with Maria Theresa Thaler, circulating in Muscat and Oman. In 1940, however, the rial Saidi was made the currency of Oman.


Latvia
Currency: Lats
Value of 1 lats against dollar: $1.89
Value of 1 lats against rupee: Rs 112.76
Highest banknote: 500
First introduced in 1922, lats were replaced with Soviet ruble when USSR occupied the country. After the country regained independence, the currency was reintroduced in 1993.
In June 2013, European Union asses the Latvia and gave it the green light to introduce euro. Lats will no long be the country’s currency from January 1, 2014, once euro is introduced.


United Kingdom
Currency: Pound
Value of 1 pound against dollar: $1.53
Value of 1 pound against rupee: Rs 91.64
Highest banknote: 100 (in Scotland and Northern Ireland) and 50 (in England and Wales)
The pound sterling is the world's oldest currency still in use and it is the fourth most traded currency in the foreign exchange market, after the United States dollar, the euro, and the Japanese yen.
Sterling is also the third most held reserve currency in global reserves (about 4 per cent).


Falkland Islands
Currency: Pound
Value of 1 pound against dollar: $1.53
Value of 1 pound against rupee: Rs 91.64
Highest banknote: 50
The British introduced the pound following the reassertion of sovereignty in the Falklands Islands in 1833.
Falklands' banknotes feature the same images, differing only in their respective denominations and corresponding colours. According to Wikipedia, all notes contain a portrait of Queen Elizabeth II, the Falklands' coat of arms, a small map of the islands, and images of two of the islands' main animals: penguins and sea lions, on the front side.
On the back, notes feature pictures of Christ Church Cathedral in Stanley and Government House, the official residence of the Governor of the Falkland Islands.


Gibraltar
Currency: Pound
Value of 1 pound against dollar: $1.53
Value of 1 pound against rupee: Rs 91.64
Highest banknote: 50
The official currency in the country has seen many changes through the history. In the late nineteenth century, British and Spanish currencies were in circulation along with Gibraltarian coins.
The Spanish-American War at the beginning of twentieth century made the Spanish peseta drop alarmingly. And few years later pound became the official currency.
Since 1927, the country has been issuing its own banknotes and coins and a currency act in 1934 denominated the Gibraltar currency to pounds.


Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha
Currency: Pound
Value of 1 pound against dollar: $1.53
Value of 1 pound against rupee: Rs 91.64
Highest banknote: 50
The islands are part of British overseas territory. The territory has had a very long history of its own currencies, which have come and gone when the economy boomed and slowed down.
Prior to 1961, British pound and South African pound were accepted on the island but when South African rand was introduced, the island continued denominating its currency to British pound.


Jordan
Currency: Dinar
Value of 1 dinar against dollar: $1.41
Value of 1 dinar against rupee: Rs 84.51
Highest banknote: 50
From 1927 to 1950, the Palestine Currency Board issued Palestine pound as the official currency in both Palestine and the Trans-Jordan Emirate, according to Wikipedia.
When Jordan became independent in 1946, the country wanted its own currency and Jordanian dinar became the kingdom’s official currency.


Countries in European Union
Currency: Euro
Value of 1 euro against dollar: $1.33
Value of 1 euro against rupee: Rs 79.22
Highest banknote: 500
The currency is the official currency of eurozone that comprises of 17 countries. Some these include Belgium, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Netherlands, Portugal, and Spain.
The currency is the second largest reserve currency as also the second most traded in the world.
The currency was introduced to world financial markets as an accounting currency in 1995.


Azerbaijan



Currency: Manat
Value of 1 manat against dollar: 1.27
Value of 1 manat against rupee: 75.74
Highest banknote: 100
Since 1919 there have been three manat currencies issued. The most recent one was issued in 2006.
The manta have similarities with euro as both are designed by the Austrian designer Robert Kalina.



Cayman Islands
Currency: Dollar
Value of 1 dollar against dollar: $1.22
Value of 1 dollar against rupee: Rs 72.99
Highest banknote: 100
The earlier currency used in Cayman Islands was Jamaican dollar, which was replaced in 1972. On the islands, the US dollar is accepted as legal currency.


Bahamas
Currency: Dollar
Value of 1 dollar against dollar: $1
Value of 1 dollar against rupee: Rs 59.75
Highest banknote: 100
The dollar replaced at the legal currency of Bahamas in 1966. Prior to that, the currency was pound.
Bahamas dollar is is pegged to the US dollar one-to-one basis.


Bermuda
Currency: Dollar
Value of 1 dollar against dollar: $1
Value of 1 dollar against rupee: Rs 59.75
Highest banknote: 100
The Bermudian dollar is not normally traded outside the country, and is pegged to the United States dollar at a one-to-one ratio.
As it was part of British colony, the official currency for a long time was British pound. The currency was changed to dollar in 1970.


Panama
Currency: Balboa
Value of 1 balboa against dollar: $1
Value of 1 balboa against rupee: Rs 59.75
Highest banknote: 100
The currency is name in the honour of the Spanish explorer conquistador Vasco Nunez de Balboa.
The balboa replaced the Colombian peso in 1904 following the country's independence. The balboa has been tied to the United States dollar (which is legal tender in Panama) at an exchange rate of 1:1 since its introduction and has always circulated alongside dollars, according to Wikipedia.


Cuba


Currency: Convertible peso
Value of 1 convertible peso against dollar: $1
Value of 1 convertible peso against rupee: Rs 59.75
Highest banknote: 100
The convertible peso, also called as chavito, is one of two official currencies of Cuba. The other one is the peso.
Convertible peso has been in limited use since 1994, when it was treated as equivalent to the US dollar.
Since 2004, the US dollar ceased to be accepted in Cuban retail outlets leaving the convertible peso as the only currency in circulation in many Cuban businesses.


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